The Navy Can Lose Us the War

The Navy can lose us the war, but only the Air Force can win it. Therefore our supreme effort must be to gain overwhelming mastery in the Air. The Fighters are our salvation . . . but the Bombers alone provide the means of victory. . . . In no other way at present visible can we hope to overcome the immense military power of Germany.

— Prime Minister Winston Churchill, memorandum for the Cabinet, 3 September 1940.