Viking broadsword guaranteed bad luck

Broadword2.JPGIs this England’s unluckiest sword? Viking broadsword was on the losing side of four of history’s greatest battles… and now it could be yours for just £120,000.      Click pic to enlarge

An unlucky sword used by the losers of the Battles of Stamford Bridge, Hastings, Bannockburn and Boroughbridge over a period of 250 years is expected to reach £120,000 at auction. It is believed that the 11th century broadsword was originally carried to Britain by Viking raiders when it was captured, only to be lost a few weeks later at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. In 1314, the sword was carried to Scotland at the Battle of Bannockburn, where the owner was forced to retreat having witnessed his nephew axed to death.

However, the cursed sword’s bad luck continued at the Battle of Boroughbridge in 1322, when the unfortunate owner was speared in the anus and killed. Now, the weapon is going to be auctioned by Christie’s auction house in London. Is this England’s unluckiest sword? 

Jeeze, I don’t need to part with ‘£120.000 – $205.000′ to bring forth bad luck, I can make my own for free… ;-) Aye.

Hot lead to cool graphite

From George V’s Coronation to horrors of WWI: Drawings of major British historical events from first illustrated newspaper go on sale. Remarkable drawings, recorded in The Illustrated London News, showed pivotal events to hundreds of thousands of readers in elegant and intricate style.They vary from the state pomp seen at events such as coronations and Royal Weddings to the unvarnished horror of trench warfare.article-2685771-1F80328C00000578-327_964x629The collection of front page images from The Illustrated London News, including this drawing depicting British officers relaxing in the Ypres Salient drawn by Italian artist Fortunino Matania                          Click all to enlarge.article-2685771-1F802FAA00000578-22_964x624Intricate image shows hundreds of women working in a munitions factory circa 1915, which was part of a step-change in the nation’s attitude towards working women.article-2685771-1F8043A300000578-494_964x635Soldiers tending to the wounded on the Western Front in 1915, with barbed wire and No-Man’s Land visible in the distance. Drawings of major British historical events from first illustrated newspaper go on sale

Amazing drawings that capture the moment perfectly.            Yours Aye.

The pungent aroma of Viking…

The great smell of ‘Brute’: York tourist board creates Viking ‘fragrance’ for men who want to stink like a ninth century Norse warrior!Visit YorkIn this modern image-conscious world, when we all want to portray ourselves in the best possible light, a man might want to smell of many things. He certainly wants to smell of diligently washed skin and newly cleaned clothes. He probably wants to smell of expensive hair products. He might even want to smell of whatever fragrance David Beckham is flogging this week, or some other fine aftershave.Visit York

But one thing he probably doesn’t want to smell like is a stinking bearded warrior from 13 centuries ago. A stinking bearded warrior, who, to be precise, has a penchant for smashing up villages, wearing blood-stained battle gear and sporting awful helmet hair. Nonetheless, this hasn’t stopped tourist officials in York from launching ‘Norse Power’, a – shall we say – niche-appeal perfume which will help a man to reek like a Viking.

‘Visit York’ has created this bottled attack on our nostrils in tribute to the city’s Norse past. It has been concocted using assorted pungent ingredients: deep-soaked sweat (worked up during a raid on a British settlement); seawater (from a long voyage across the North Sea from the Viking heartland of Norway); mud and damp (from travels on foot over sodden terrain); dried blood (not necessarily model’s own – from a day’s fighting and pillaging).Visit York

The eye-watering package is completed by the ‘aromas’ of cooked meat from Viking feasts, hard liquor (Vikings had a noted appetite for mead) and – as a token pleasant inclusion – notes of fresh pine from all those lengthy hikes though deep-rooted forests. ‘With Norse Power, we wanted to try and capture the sort of smells that would have been part of the lives of Viking warriors around the time that York was the Norse capital of England,’ says Michelle Brown, the marketing manager at Visit York ‘But more than that, with all the bath products, deodorants, perfumes and aftershaves available today, we wanted to give male visitors to York the chance to cast aside their allegiance to modern aromas and instead embrace the smells from an era of warriors.’ The launch of Norse Power is, of course, just a bit of fun – although those who really want to smell like the inside of an animal-skin cloak can try the fragrance this weekend. Visit YorkYork was effectively the heart of Viking culture in Britain after it was attacked and quelled by Viking invaders in 866AD. The Viking era ran roughly between the end of the eighth century and the middle of the 11th. In Britain, it came to a bloody conclusion in 1066, when an invading force from Norway was defeated at the Battle of Stamford Bridge (in modern Yorkshire) – just days before the Battle of Hastings saw William the Conqueror and his cohorts complete the Norman Conquest. Notorious for their ferocity, Vikings hailed from the Scandinavian landmass (especially Norway, Denmark and Sweden), although they also settled in Greenland. tinerant and aggressive, their attacks on Europe made them the scourge of the continent for almost 300 years – and even took them as far south as Spain and Portugal. However, for all their reputation as vicious killers, Vikings were also great sailors and explorers – and there is a good deal of evidence to suggest that they crossed the Atlantic and ‘discovered’ the Americas (not least Newfoundland) long before Christopher Columbus.          Kinda cute in a Viking sort of way?bearded_lady_clare-680x1022I’m popping into York this weekend, though I will give the opportunity of ‘Norse Power’ a wide birth. Having seen those viking women close up I figure its best not to encourage them in any way. Even after a gallon of ale and a large brace of rum, its still not a pretty sight…      Yours Aye.

WWI ambulance train

article-2605886-1D23FC4500000578-322_964x450Poignant archive pictures show the ambulance trains that transported soldiers wounded on the Western Front back to hospitals across Britain during the First World War. With their pristine white sheets, carefully-arranged tea cups and attentive teams of young nurses, the ambulance trains which brought injured Tommies back from the front could not have been further from the horrors of war the men had lived through. The insides of the specially-adapted train coaches were often the first taste of home the wounded soldiers experienced as they made their way back to Britain after months spent fighting in the trenches.  ‘A cup of tea from a nurse was often the first treatment a soldier got as he headed back to Britain.’       Click on pics to enlarge.article-2605886-1D23AE5400000578-997_964x664These remarkable images of the First World War ambulance trains are now to form part of a new exhibition at York’s National Railway Museum in November. The photos show the trains which brought soldiers back from the battlefield to the French ports of Calais and Bologne, where they were transferred onto boats before being taken, again by train, to hospitals throughout Britain. But, as the exhibition will reveal, the images contrast with some reports from the time. War poet Robert Grave described his journey in one of the carriages as a ‘nightmare’ in his war memoir, Goodbye to All That and a nurse documented their ‘frightful smells and dirt’.      From Hell to Heaven. article-2605886-1D23D5B300000578-536_964x657As the numbers of those injured in battle rose, so the trains became more important and were upgraded and expanded during the conflict, leading the same nurse to later comment they had become ‘a joy after the tragedy’ for those unfortunate enough to need them. The exhibition, marking the centenary of the War this year, will feature a series of images, sketches and personal accounts of the vital role of the railways during it and other conflicts.       More Here: Poignant archive pictures show the ambulance trainarticle-2605886-1D23B10D00000578-970_964x680Even though I am not a ‘train-spotter,’ the National Railway Museum in York is always worth a visit any time of the year. I will probably pop in around November for a look-see at the exhibition, which is just one of many commemorating the 100 year anniversary of WWI.            Yours Aye.

Beowulf’s golden warriors

article-2579038-1C38292D00000578-863_964x611Anglo-Saxon hoard revealed: 4,000 pieces of stunning handcrafted treasure hint that Beowulf’s description of ‘golden warriors’ is true!   Click pics to enlarge  article-2579038-1C38295E00000578-632_964x533An incredible hoard of precious Anglo-Saxon gold items, the likes of which professional archaeologists dream of finding, was discovered buried in a field by a jobless treasure hunter five years ago. And now all 4,000 pieces of the Staffordshire Hoard have been brought back together for the first time, allowing experts to shed some light on life in the Dark Ages. They believe the precious artefacts, which range from fragments of helmet to gold sword decorations engraved with animals and encrusted with jewels, are a ‘true archaeological mirror’ to the great Anglo-Saxon poem Beowulf.  More Here: Anglo-Saxon hoard revealed: 4,000 pieces of stunning handcrafted treasure hint that Beowulf’s description of ‘golden warriors’ is trueimages

As part of an Anglo-Saxon history lesson ‘Beowulf’s poem formed part of an English Literature project at my senior school, which at the time bored me senseless; until we were shown the following film on a reel to reel (‘clatter-clatter’ projector) one dark afternoon. Julian Glover reads Beowulf After which I devoured every history book in the local library. Beowulf is not every ones cup-of-tea, but it was certainly mine at the time. British Museum – Helmet from the ship-burial at Sutton Hoo                           Yours Aye. Sutton_Hoo_helmet_reconstructedReconstructed Anglo-Saxon burial mask 1,400 years old; click pic to really enlarge…  

A treasure trove of history

For your perusal I have without shame stolen borrowed nicked misappropriated taken  ‘acquired’ the following link from the website of Theo Spark ‘LAST OF THE FEW’  Inside The Army’s Spectacula​r, Hidden Treasure Room at Fort Belvoir, Virginiagrid-cell-25988-1392913515-15

When ever I am able I take advantage of visiting Military museums around the globe. My favourites here in the UK being a variety of collections. The five branches of the Imperial War Museum…

The three branches of the Royal Armouries. Royal Armouries And of course the Royal Marines Museum But what I would give to spend several days walking ‘un-escorted’ around the Museum Support Center at Fort Belvoir…  Yours Aye.original-2328-1392839696-11Hat Tip to Theo Spark 

Churchill’s TOP SECRET Army

Sheep farmer reveals how TOP SECRET army unit had orders to ‘blow Port Talbot to smithereens’ and start a guerrilla war if the Nazis invaded

Dillwyn Thomas 88  A sheep farmer had TOP SECRET orders to blow his hometown ‘to smithereens’ during World War II if the Nazis had invaded, he revealed for the first time today. Dillwyn Thomas, 88, was given instructions on how to start a suicide guerrilla war in the hills around Port Talbot, South Wales. The pensioner was part of a covert army unit created by Winston Churchill known as the Auxiliary Units. They were spread across the country in a network of local groups tasked with mounting a resistance against the invaders who never came. Magram Auxiliary Unit & Patrol bunker 

Dillwyn Thomas 18

Dillwyn was working as an 18-year-old farm hand when he was shown how to blow the town’s steelworks ‘sky high’. The pensioner, from Margam, near Port Talbot, has finally revealed the secret mission he was asked to carry out more than 70 years ago. He said: “We were told to blow-up the steelworks – we were told to blow Port Talbot to smithereens. ‘We had access to every weapon you could imagine – daggers for prodding the enemy, guns for shooting the enemy, explosives for blowing up the enemy. ‘They were kept in a secret underground bunker that only we knew about – ready for us in case of invasion. ‘If the Germans had landed and it looked as though they were making inroads we were to blow the steel works, oil refinery, train line, and anything else which could have been of any use to them – then lay low in the countryside. ‘We weren’t meant to fight the Germans head-on – there were nowhere near enough of us to make a difference and we weren’t sufficiently armed. ‘But if we could slow up their progress, then the hope was that we could tie them up with ambushes and booby traps”. Read More Here: Sheep farmer reveals how TOP SECRET army unit had orders to ‘blow Port Talbot to smithereens’ and start a guerrilla war if the Nazis invaded Aux-insignia-churchill-grave-webOn 2 July 1940 Winston Churchill and the War Cabinet stated that:- “The regular defences require supplementing with guerrilla type troops, who will allow themselves to be overrun and who thereafter will be responsible for hitting the enemy in the comparatively soft spots behind zones of concentrated attack”
Fortunately (and only in recent years) Churchill’s SECRET Army have been releasing their secrets. One Web-Site in particular is an absolute treasure trove, which some may find interesting. Churchill’s Auxiliary Units | A comprehensive online resource.
I have a little dit to tell about such a patrol bunker, which I will keep my powder dry-for the time being. Watch this space… :-)    Yours Aye.

Home with an English-American connection

There is a house for sale in Peterborough, England, which I suppose you could class as old as it was built-in 1333. Although it only boasts 1.5 acres of gardens it does come with history attached, dating back to the English Civil War and the puritan Oliver Cromwellarticle-2484032-1924C22000000578-875_636x441The political leader, bottom left, frequently visited Northborough Manor, pictured front and back, to see his favourite daughter Elizabeth and her husband John Claypole who first moved into the property after the English Civil War which ended in 1651. article-2484032-1920C90700000578-850_964x1006It is thought that William de Eyton, the Master Mason and Architect of Litchfield Cathedral, built the Manor. Over the next 200 years, it was passed between owners before it was bought by James Claypole in 1572. Claypole extended the Gatehouse for his staff and built the Dovecots. He also built a tomb in the local church before his death in 1599. It was his great-grandson, also called John, that married Elizabeth Cromwell during the Civil War in 1646. After the war, which ended in 1651, Elizabeth and John moved to Northborough to live with the Claypoles. Cromwell visited the couple regularly there – spending one Christmas at the Manor as he and John’s father were old friends.article-2484032-1920D64C00000578-546_964x651One of the rooms is now called ‘Cromwell’s Closet’ – a room over the south porch – as he slept in the room while visiting. After Oliver died in 1658, his widow – also called Elizabeth – moved to live at the Manor. She is thought to have died in 1665 in ‘Cromwell’s Closet.’ John Claypole’s brothers Edward, James and Norton emigrated and played a role in the early settlement of the state of Pennsylvania. The link to Northborough was recognised officially by the Governor of the State in 1975 when the State flag was presented to be flown at the Manor. One of the Claypole brother’s descendents was a friend of George Washington. He is thought to have printed the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the Unites States and Washington’s Farewell Address to the American People. John Claypole sold the Manor before his death in 1688. Home fit for a man who felled a King: Manor house Oliver Cromwell stayed at regularly in the aftermath of the Civil War goes up for sale for £1.8million

Although I am a history buff, I’m not much of a gardener; I would much prefer to have 1.5 acres of open grassland, as opposed to an English country garden to maintain. For that reason alone, I will pass on this one. I suspect there will be a certain ‘Sgt Maj’ with an interest in those swords displayed on the wall, which are originals dating back to the Civil War. I’ll give you a clue, he is not from this side of the pond…            Yours Aye.

Cornwall’s ghostly shipwrecks…

article-2470146-18E1FC9400000578-754_636x423Lost at sea: Ghostly photographs capture shipwrecks off the Cornish coast – taken over a century by members of same family The rugged Cornish coastline has claimed more than its fair share of ships over the years. It is known for its high seas and storms that tear in from the North Atlantic, which, when combined with Cornwall’s jagged granite finger outcrops, and fine shallow sandy beaches, is a given recipe for disaster, even to this day.A-raging-sea-dwarfs-Seaham-Lighthouse-in-County-Durham-in-England-with-100-ft-waves-after-a-cold-front-moved-down-from-the-north-bringing-freezing-temperatures-to-the-North-of-England.-copy-Owen-HumphreysNational-Geographic-960x616(Click to enlarge) A raging sea dwarfs Seaham Lighthouse on the North-East coast of County Durham, England. With 100 ft-waves registered after a cold front moved down from the North, bringing freezing temperatures with it.  I have often witnessed the same raging sea as shown in the photograph, but this one in particular is quite spectacular. The sea commands respect, from scholar and fool alike…            Yours Aye.

“England expects that every man will do his duty”

The_Battle_of_Trafalgar_by_William_Clarkson_StanfieldEngland expects that every ‘foreign’ man will to do his duty: For the nautically minded, click the picture to enlarge, it will allow zoom to show enhanced detail… Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar is thought of as one of Britain’s greatest military achievements. But new research by the National Maritime Museum and the National Archives has shown that the fighting was done by hundreds of foreigners, including some Frenchmen. Of the 13,000 who served on the 33 ships to take part in the battle, 1,260 of them were born outside of Britain or Ireland. They came from as far afield as Africa, India, America and another 20 European countries. While most were from neutral or allied nations, 24 Spaniards and 54 Frenchmen also served in the 1805 fleet.

One was Pierre Lomac, 25, from Bordeaux, on HMS Conqueror, whose Marines took the surrender of Vice Admiral Villeneuve, the leader of the French and Spanish fleet. Benitte Grinzolo, 22, from Spain, sailed aboard HMS Mars which was heavily damaged in the battle.  Another name which stood out was Jane Townshend who served on the Defiance, and is the only woman proven to have been present, though witness accounts describe others being there. She is listed as carrying out ‘useful services’, which were likely to have involved tending the wounded, cooking and washing. Among the furthest from home were Zada Del Sulva, 31, from Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, and Hampoo Hang, 34, born in Guangzhou, China, on HMS Royal Sovereign, the flagship of Rear Admiral Collingwood, and the first vessel into action.

From being a young lad I have heard tell of the daring goings on at the Battle of Trafalgar, (with a keen interest as my family served through the actions as Marines; my great, great, Grandfather [KIA 21 Oct 1805] and his brother, who survived; both served as Marines aboard Nelsons Flagship HMS Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar 21 Oct 1805). Mentioned in a previous post Spanish flag sinks off Gibraltar In the past I have also mentioned a cracking read of the same battle for those that way inclined Trafalgar: The Biography of a Battle: Author, Roy Adkins I can smell the cordite and smouldering canvas as I type.    Yours Aye.

Historians, the stewards of history

A World War One trench system covering an area the size of two football fields could be built in the English countryside. Proposals for a ‘living museum’ in Cambridgeshire would see over half a mile of both British and German trenches, complete with their own no-man’s land, built just off the A14 motorway. The National Centre for the Great War would also have nine training huts and would allow schoolchildren to visit and experience the day-to-day life of soldiers during the 1914-1918 conflict. If proposals go ahead visitors would be dressed in replica World War I uniforms and allowed to hold replica weapons, then guided through the site by historical experts and re-enactors. A new Western Front: WWI trenches to be painstakingly recreated in English countryside article-2448492-1893837300000578-361_634x396The past British socialist government ensured the history teaching syllabus for schools was watered down. It focused more on Great Britain’s past social history, the common man in the street down trodden by his masters, children working in the mines living on a tin cup of gruel a day, who had to walk a hundred miles each day to and from work, social injustices etc, etc, blah, blah, blah! Obviously the Socialist Labour government were indoctrinating them young, to exploit them later in life.

500px-The_Writings_of_Charles_Dickens_v4_p12_(engraving,_cleaned)It’s all changing for the better, though the opposition Labour Party is still trying to block it assisted by the Unions; Too late. Pupils will now study British history, Dickens, etc, ‘Please Sir, could I have some more’!

History and geography have always fascinated me, military history in particular, as it goes hand in hand with geography in one form or another. Military history speaks volumes for itself, the whole of our little island is inundated with items and artifacts scattered around from the year 600. Geography forms part of every planning phase for military movement, into or across country through the study of terrain analysis. The subject is a speciality of the Royal Engineers who regularly organise and ‘recce’ huge swathes of land, shore lines, and sea beds (local & foreign); using the acquired information to produce printed military overlays onto Ordnance Survey maps, available only to the military in the UK. As well as friendly governments for use in operational theaters around the globe. History is a nations backbone, the ramrod and measuring bar for society. If we don’t know where we have come from, how do we know where we are going?      Yours Aye.

The crew of the Fray Bentos

Corned beef, hard tack biscuits, and sweetened tea (fortified with strong rum prior to going over the top), the staple diet of those who fought in the trenches of the First World War. And not just any old ‘corned dog’, but the finest money could buy ‘Fray Bentos’. The irony of which was not lost on the Tank Corps crew, who named their tin can accordingly.article-2445626-188B7CA000000578-520_634x400The Incredible bravery of WWI tank crew who survived 72 hours of being bombarded by Germans and their OWN side while stuck in no mans land ‘Trapped in their overturned tank, just metres from the German trenches, Captain Donald Richardson and his crew already faced an impossible situation. But, after three days of attack from their enemies, the brave men in charge of the Mark IV tank were plunged into even greater danger when their British allies started bombarding them as well, to destroy the tank before the Germans could get it. Astonishingly, though, all but one of the soldiers survived the impossible odds, armed with just pistols and a single rifle, managing to escape the death trap to become the First World War’s most decorated tank crew’. WWI Tanks were first called ‘Land-Ships’article-2445626-188B7A3700000578-401_634x475The Tank Museum in Bovington, Dorset, holds some of the original ‘tanks’ from all sides, as well as an eclectic collection shown in their exhibitions that have been brought back from around the globe from every battle fought since WWI. Quite an awesome place to visit, even for an Ex Bootneck… I have never fancied the life of a ‘Tankie’ in any of the Royal Tank Regiments, or the Royal Armoured Corps, more so after seeing the damage done to one by a HESH round (aka the strawberry jam round)! Brave lads one and all. Yours Aye.

Heroes & villains of a Civil War

The purists will be up in arms over life being breathed into the monochrome plates of the American Civil War; but why, the originals still exist, alongside thousands of monochrome prints? Personally I find the colour version fascinating as it gives a certain depth and meaning to each persons character, as well as the everyday objects that surround them. article-2446391-188B62D500000578-430_964x661 article-2446391-188B631A00000578-148_636x446The Civil War in COLOUR for the first time: Painstakingly recreated images of a divided America that recreate era in amazing detail Recently the same colour procedure was added into monochrome pictures taken from plates & film of WW1. The result was history brought from the past to modern day. In one film, mono to colour portrayed an event in a more spectacular form, as it showed a British Regiment marching in three ranks, laden down with weapons and equipment as they marched along a dusty summer trail heading forward into the line, all smiling, waving and cheering at the hand cranked camera. Three days later the same Regiment limped back, depleted, battered, bloody, and torn. The transformed colour film captured the true horror of their experience.      Yours Aye.

Opening Up Your House to. . .

I have to wonder what the conversation was when these Afghani men and women left the White House:

From left to right: 1. Unknown; 2. Unknown; 3. Ronald Reagan; 4. Gust Avrakotos; 5. Omar Babrakzai; 6. Mohammad Suafoor Yousofzai; 7. Habib-Ur-Rehman Hashemi; 8. Unknown. Original caption: “C12820-32, President Reagan meeting with Afghan Freedom Fighters to discuss Soviet atrocities in Afghanistan. 2/2/83.” — Ronald Reagan Library

From left to right: 1. Unknown; 2. Unknown; 3. Ronald Reagan; 4. Gust Avrakotos; 5. Omar Babrakzai; 6. Mohammad Suafoor Yousofzai; 7. Habib-Ur-Rehman Hashemi; 8. Unknown. President Reagan meeting with Afghan Freedom Fighters to discuss Soviet atrocities in Afghanistan. 2/2/83.

Of course, I also have to wonder what the follow-on conversation is in Japan when some American does something that is not easily understood by the locals. Like the guy who yelled eff over and over again outside my window last week. As in: eff you. . . I especially appreciated the sirens that followed his performance.

Photographic history of VIETNAM

article-0-186F6A9B00000578-921_964x903A spectacular new book entitled ‘Vietnam The Real War’ containing images taken by Associated Press war photographers has been released to remember 50 years since the conflict began, it also serves as a photographic record of the Vietnam War. The book’s publication will coincide with an exhibition at the Steven Kasher Gallery in Manhattan, that will run from October 24 to November 26 2013.article-2441235-1873798B00000578-644_636x382 The above main picture, by Henri Huet, shows U.S. Marines nest to their foxholes after a third night of fighting against North Vietnamese troops in September 1966. The image on the right, also by Huet, shows U.S. paratroopers hold their automatic weapons above water as they cross a river in the rain during a search for Viet Cong positions in the jungle area of Ben Cat on September 25, 1965.low res TIM PAGE Out with the P.R.U

As a young teen I went to an exhibition by self-taught British photographer Tim Page, who operated in theatre, as well as worked around various units within Vietnam. Page was wounded several times at various intervals of the war, each time returning for more. Throughout his exhibition he gave commentary on each photograph displayed. All fascinating stuff, non political, just told it as it was. As I was hopeless at art, It inspired me to take up ‘click and pray’ photography as a (very expensive) hobby.  A great big Hallelujah for the coming of the digital camera.      Yours Aye.

Jack the Ripper?

Five murders most foul by an unknown serial killer in Whitechapel, London, 1888. All for the wrong reasons the name given to the killer created a myth, which in turn gave birth to a monster and the legend of ‘Jack the Ripper’. The same name, as well as the dastardly deeds he carried out, have gone on to make hundreds of £ millions worldwide in the form of books, plays, films, and talks on the subject. The next round of controversy is now on its way. The locket that could unmask Jack the Ripper: Antonia Alexander, the great-great-great-granddaughter of the Ripper’s fifth and final victim Mary Kelly, claims a tiny photo proves serial killer was Queen Victoria’s Royal surgeon, Sir John Williams  article-2432987-03DF5D870000044D-45_634x831article-2432987-183F4DBE00000578-315_306x436-1

(Left). Culprit? Royal surgeon Sir John Williams has been named as Jack the Ripper by a descendant of one of the serial killer’s victims. (Right). An illustration published in the Police Gazette in 1888 depicting Jack the Ripper attacking a woman. ‘Holmes took his revolver from his drawer and slipped it in his pocket. It was clear that he thought that our night’s work might be a serious one’. Observation of Dr. Watson                              Yours Aye.